Recent Progress of the Socialist and Labor Movements in the United States: Report of Morris Hillquit, Representative of the Socialist Party at the International Socialist Bureau, to the International Socialist Congress, Held at Stuttgart, Germany, August 18, 1907.
by Morris Hillquit
Chicago: Charles H. Kerr & Co., 1907.
Rare pamphlet "published under the direction of the National Executive Committee of the Socialist Party" by pioneer American Marxist publisher Charles H. Kerr & Co. reproducing the report delivered to the Second International at its 1907 Stuttgart Congress in August 1907.
Hillquit details the recent growth of the American economy, particularly its manufacturing sector and the related "bottomless financial corruption of government" in major cities across the nation. This resulted in increased popular discontent and an enhanced place for the Socialist Party of America on the country's political landscape, Hillquit notes. The American Federation of Labor broke its previous vow of political neutrality in 1906, Hillquit observes, and reform politics were starting to emerge, exemplified by the election of Edward F. Dunne as Mayor of Chicago, Joseph W. Folk as Governor of Missouri, and Robert M. LaFollette as US Senator from Wisconsin. Hillquit also lauds the efforts of publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst as candidate for Mayor of New York City of the Municipal Ownership League -- an effort which very nearly met with success.
As for the Socialist Party, Hillquit points to Wisconsin as its center of success, with 1 Socialist member of the State Senate, 5 members of the State Assembly, and 126 state officials in all, including the mayorship of Manitowoc, WI. The organization had grown from about 1200 primary party units (branches and locals) at the end of 1903 to about 1900 at the end of 1906, by Hillquit's reckoning, with a total party membership of "not less than 35,000."
Hillquit notes the emergence of Charles H. Kerr & Co. as a socialist publisher, the launch of a Socialist daily newspaper in Chicago, and the birth of the Rand School of Social Science as landmark achievements of the American movement.
Extensive coverage of the American labor movement and the sensational Haywood-Moyer Case follows.
Published in the USA prior to 1923, public domain.
Uploaded to Archive.org by Tim Davenport ("Carrite") on Oct. 5, 2013.